1. Vostok, Antarctica
Obviously, the main spot needs to go to Antarctica which, if occupied and measured, would most likely fill these sort of records all alone. Vostok is a Russian climate observing station which holds the record for the most reduced ever recorded temperature on Earth – less 128.6F, on 21st July 1983 – in spite of the fact that there are cases that it plunged to - 132F in 1997. The hottest month there is January, with a mean normal of - 25.8F, yet the mean midpoints for the winter months are reliably in the less 80s. It's additionally 3,488m above ocean level which means there's an unmistakable absence of oxygen and there's no dampness either. All thought of it as, is a standout amongst the most hazardous, unfriendly and obnoxious spots on the planet. Shockingly, there are no changeless occupants…
2. North Ice, Greenland
Another place about which little is known, North Ice was the subject of a British expedition in the 1950s, where they successfully recorded the lowest temperature in North America, beating Snag’s record by 6 degrees (but as Snag is part of continental North America, it still gets to keep that title). An astounding -87F was recorded at North Ice on January 9th 1954
3. Eismitte, Greenland
It’s fair to say that the next few places on the list are largely devoid of museums of fine art. In fact, Eismitte (literally “Middle of the Ice” in German) is largely devoid of anything. It was the site of an expedition in the 30s which took temperature readings of between -85F and 27F and although we don’t have enough information to accurately gauge what the annual average would be, we can take a guess by splitting the difference between the average of the warmest month (July, 10F) and the coldest (February, -53F). That gives us a chilly average of -21.5F, which is definitely cold enough to get onto the list.
4. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Certainly the most populated place on our list, the capital of Mongolia holds the dubious honors of being the coldest capital in the world and one of the most polluted. It’s also quite high up, being 1,310m above sea level, and home to 1,278,000 people. Apparently, it’s a great cultural center, with museums like the Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts, which is just as well because you’d hardly want to linger outside in temperatures of -16F like the ones you’d find there in January. Across the year, the average temperature is around -2.4F and the climate is like a subarctic one, thanks to icy winds. But I hear the people are friendly, so that’s something…
5. Eureka, Canada
This research base has no permanant inhabitants, but there is a rotation of 8 staff who work there at any one time. It’s been used as a weather station since its inception in 1947. It can’t be the most alluring place to work, with no sunlight from October to February and an annual average temperature of -1.8F. But at least you wouldn’t get rained on during those long winter months – there is no rain between October and May, causing the area to be a polar desert. Even so, there’s a lot of plant life as the temperatures are too low for the moisture in the air to evaporate. It’s even been described as “The Garden Spot of the Arctic”, with wildlife such as oxen, foxes and wolves roaming around, and the endless sunshine of the summer makes it an ideal habitat for nesting birds. A place of great contrasts.
6. Oymyakon, Russia
When it comes to cold, Russia is just in another league. Oymyakon has a record low of -90F, which is the lowest recorded temperature for any permanently inhabited location on Earth, and it was recorded on February 6th 1933 (the first week of February seems to be a good week for these kind of records). Of course, the daily temperatures don’t ever go quite that low, but the average lows for December, January and February are all in the minus fifties. Even the average for January is still a terrifying -51.5F, although in July it climbs all the way up to an average of 58.8F. With a population of 472, the town is quite big compared to some on the list and its far north location means that it enjoys a 21-hour day in June, although the December day only lasts 3 hours. Fancy booking a holiday there yet?
7. Snag, Yukon, Canada
We’ve had the record for the lowest temperature in the contiguous USA, the lowest temperature in the whole of the USA…now, how about the lowest in continental North America? That honor goes to the village of Snag in Canada, where a temperature of -81F was recorded on February 3rd 1947. That broke the long-standing record of 80F set in Snag…on February 2nd 1947. When that was recorded, there were between 8 and 10 people living in Snag and they were a mixture of natives and fur traders. It also had its own airstrip, with a staff of 15-20, but that closed in 1968. While in Snag, researchers also noticed a strange acoustic effect – voices could be heard clearly over a distance of several miles. This has never quite been explained.
8. Prospect Creek, Alaska, USA
Prospect Creek is a very small settlement approximately 180 miles north of present day Fairbanks and 25 miles southeast of present day Bettles, Alaska. This place has a sub-arctic sort of weather which means that winters last for a long period of time and summers are very short. Weather conditions are even more severe now so the area is less crowded now. The record low temperature of −80 °F (−62 °C) was recorded.
9. Verkhoyansk- Russia
Verkhoyansk is notable chiefly places in Russia for its exceptionally low winter temperatures and some of the greatest temperature differences between summer and winter on Earth. Verkhoyansk is one of the places considered the northern Pole of Cold. The lowest temperature recorded there, in February 1892, was −69.8 °C (−93.6 °F).
10. Rogers Pass, Montana, USA
Rogers Pass rises 5,610 feet above sea level and is located on the continental divide in the U.S. state of Montana. Rogers Pass is the location of the coldest temperature ever recorded in the United States outside of Alaska. On January 20, 1954, a low temperature of −70 °F (−57 °C) was recorded during a severe cold wave.